About one-third of Texel is covered with natural parks. The North Sea (west) is a geological monument and the Wadden Sea (east) is a UNESCO World Heritage. Iconic nature reserves ‘De Schorren’ and ‘De Slufter’ are unique, salty habitats.
Outside the dikes, protecting the land from the Wadden Sea in the eastern part of the isle, rich feeding grounds attract rare bird species, while creeks, marshes, and meadows are a floral hotbed. Texel meadows and mudflats are a favoured restaurant, right in the trajectory of many migratory bird species.
Apart from migratory birds visiting Texel is the breeding home to a unique population of spoonbills ('De Mokbaai'), the sandwich tern, hen harriers and the very rare short-eared owl. The sand-banks near De Schorren and 'het Eierlandse gat' at low tide are the domain of grey and common seals.